Another attraction offered by El Torcal is, without doubt, the rich flora and fauna. In this landscape oaks, gall oaks, serbales and maples live together with the plants growing into the cracks of the rocks by making them even more beautiful, if it is possible.
As regards the fauna, one of the most outstanding values of El Torcal is the presence of birds which are in a special zone of protection. It is worthy to mention the golden eagle, griffon vulture, eagle owl or peregrine falcon. About mammals, the presence of voles is quite usual, and they are easily spot in the sinkholes; foxes, badgers, weasels and Spanish ibex are more difficult to see. There also is reptiles and a great variety of invertebrates, mostly insects.